The Fulvic Phenomenon
Recent scientific research in biochemistry, botany and agriculture has changed our understanding of how soil chemistry works and why fulvic acids are so important. For example, it was once thought that the chelation of metallic minerals into chelated minerals was accomplished entirely by the plant's interior biological processes. We now know that fulvic acids (which are strong chelators of metallic minerals) are partly responsible for micronizing metallic minerals prior to absorption by plants and microorganisms.
What are these fulvic acids and why are they so important to the health of every living thing on earth? All humic substances contain acids known as humic acids or fulvic acids (which are a particular type of humic acid containing more oxygen and less carbon than other humic acids). Fulvic acids are especially important because of their ability to interact with silica, chelate metal ions and form reactions with various other organic and inorganic compounds. Fulvic acids can be found in abundance in soils, streams, oceans and lakes with variations in chemical composition depending on location, climate, etc. The yellow-brown color of liquefied humus in lakes, rivers and coastal waters is almost entirely due to the presence of low-molecular weight and biologically active fulvic acid chelates consisting of various particle sizes (some so small they cannot be measured accurately by even the most advanced equipment). Substantial amounts of calcium, magnesium, potassium, etc., are brought into solution by the action of fulvic acid on mica, clay and other mineral-rich deposits. Fulvic acids have a particularly strong affinity for reaction with iron. Soils rich in fulvic acids increase the absorption of iron by plants. Humic shale/clay deposits containing high amounts of colloidal hydrophilic iron also contain greater amounts of all the other trace minerals due to the abundance of fulvic acids in the soil millions of years ago. These interactions help to increase soil concentrations of metal ions and silica to levels that are far greater than once theorized. Studies conducted with fulvic acids also suggest that such interaction may play a role in the synthesis of new minerals by allowing the complex and dissolved metals and silica to form new combinations.
Since fulvic acid is also an electrolyte, it increases the permeability of cell membranes, enhances RNA and DNA metabolism, modifies damage done by toxic substances, prolongs the resident-time of nutrients within the medium, and makes trace elements biologically active for use by humans, animals, plants and microbes.
During the earth's prehistoric era the topsoil was incredibly rich with humic and fulvic acids which caused plants to take up higher concentrations of minerals than do plants of modern times. It is evident that fulvic acids played a major role in creating the super rich humic shale/clay with its abundance of 77 minerals and trace elements. Without the action of fulvic acids creating biologically usable elements from metallic substances, life as we know it would cease to exist. Humic shale/clay deposits contain extraordinarily high concentrations of fulvic acid fractions in the colloidal form with every mineral and trace element having once passed through the roots of plants. The higher the mineral content, the higher the fulvic acid fractions and vise versa.
By leaching humic shale/clay with low temperature water it becomes possible to reactivate fulvic acid fractions and disperse the colloidal minerals in the resulting liquid. It is the fulvic acid that helps maintain the negative electrical charge so vital to the health of living cells. Unlike most commercial mineral supplements which are either ground-up rocks (such as limestone-calcium carbonate) or chelated in the laboratory (i.e., amino acid chelates, citrates, etc.), hydrophilic colloidal minerals may move directly into the cell membranes which they contact. Colloids also lend themselves to numerous molecular and ionic reactions due to their crystalline structure.